Saint Felix, the Apostle of East Anglia,
was the first bishop of East Anglia.
He died March 8, 647, at Dunwich, [translated to Soham, Cambridgeshire];
He is also known as Saint Felix of Dunwich and as Saint Felix of Burgundy
Saint Felix is commemorated in both the Anglican and Orthodox traditions,
with an Orthodox Church dedicated jointly
to Saint Felix and Saint Edmund in Felixstowe.
Saint Felix [meaning happy or joyful] came to East Anglia from Burgundian territory
[probably from one of the monastic houses
founded by the Irish missionary, Saint Columnbanus]
in the company of Sigbert [Sigeberht] the Learned,
whom he had converted to Christianity (while Felix was still in seminary).
Sigbert would later become an East Anglian King.
[In the eighth century a number of the English, most famously Boniface and Willibrord, would return to the continent to convert the heathen on the mainland].
Felix is renowned as a great missionary and
became the first Bishop of the East Angles.
He is said to have founded a monastery at Soham about A.D. 630.
Felix, having been consecrated about 631 A.D. by Saint Honorius,
held the first bishopric of the East Angles at Dommoc [Dunwich] for seventeen years.
Saint Honorius [c.630-653], was the fourth archbishop of Canterbury
in line from Saint Augustine who had brought Christianity from Rome
to King Aethelberht of Kent in 597.
Honorius sent Felix on to East Anglia, which had switched between Christianity and paganism several times since the East Anglian king Raedwald became a Christian at the Kentish court in the first decade or so of the seventh century.
[Bede tells the story that when Rædwald got home, his wife convinced him not to abandon his old gods so easily, so Raedwald had shrines to his heathen gods and the Christian god in the same temple].
Raedwald’s son Eorpwald succeeded sometime after 616, initially as a pagan but he was converted by the Northumbrian king Edwin sometime around 630.
Shortly after Eorpwald became Christian, he was killed, and the country turned pagan again.
It was after Eorpwald’s reign that Eorpwald’s brother Sigeberht came to the throne.
Sigeberht had grown up in exile in Gaul, and become a Christian there,
and returned determined to turn East Anglia into a thoroughly Christian kingdom.
According to legend, Felix landed at what is now Felixstowe
before going on to establish a Cathedral and school at Dommoc, or Dummoc-ceastre,
generally accepted as Dunwich, a seaport on the coast of Suffolk.
Dummoc had been a Roman station and, besides the advantage of its port, its walls may still have been strong enough to afford some protection for the new Bishop.
It was, moreover, connected with the interior by ancient roads, which led in one direction toward Bury St. Edmunds and in another toward Norwich.
At Dummoc, King Sigebert built a palace for himself and a church for Felix.
Elsewhere, says Bede, “desiring to imitate those things which he had seen well arranged in Gaul, he founded a school in which boys might be taught letters, with the aid of Felix, the bishop….who furnished them with pedagogues and masters, after the Kentish fashion“.
Bede gives no locality for this school; yet the passage, without the slightest reason,
has been looked upon as recording the foundation of the University of Cambridge,
a place which, at that period, was not even within the borders of East Anglia.
Four years after the establishment of the see,
the King resigned his crown in favour of his cousin, Egric,
and retired to a monastery which he had founded with the Irish monk, Fursey, at Burgh Castle.
Felix founded a third monastery at Soham
and it was here that he died, on 8th March AD 647, and was buried.
His relics were later translated to Ramsey Abbey (Hunts).
From Dommoc (Dunwich) Felix set about missionary throughout East Anglia, establishing churches and founding the monastery at Bury St Edmunds.
In 630 he founded another monastery, this time at Soham.
Bede records the success of Felix’s work in East Anglia,
known for his great piety and hard work, as both a missionary and educator,
Felix, in Bede’s words “delivered” East Anglia
from long-standing unrighteousness and unhappiness.
“As a pious cultivator of the spirited field,
he found abundant faith in a believing people.
In no part of England was Christianity more favourably introduced“.
According to the chronicler of the times the episcopate of Felix
was full of happiness for the cause of Christianity
and the admirable historian, Bede, described his work
with an allusion to the good omen of his name.
Bede wrote that St. Felix:
“delivered all the province of East Anglia from long-standing unrighteousness and unhappiness.
As a pious cultivator of the spirited field, he found abundant faith in a believing people.
In no part of England was Christianity more favourably introduced“.
Bede continues: “He [Saint Felix] did not fail in his purpose and like a good farmer reaped a rich harvest of believers.
He delivered the entire province from its age-old wickedness and infelicity and brought it to the Christian faith and works of righteousness, and in full accord with the significance of his own name, guided it towards eternal felicity“.
By his presence at Soham all those decades ago
the town can take pride in its former importance
as a renowned Christian centre.
The great evangelist and educator
died on March 8th, 647 A.D.
and he was buried in his own city of Dunwich.
He is commemorated in the seaside town of Felixstowe
and also of a Yorkshire village, Feliskirk
[the church of Felix].
The mortal remains of St. Felix were later
exhumed from Dunwich and brought to Soham monastery which he had founded.
This was a precautionary measure for fear
that heathen flames would take possession of them.
In King Canute’s time, about 1031 A.D. the relic was removed a second time
for the same reason by a monk named Etheric to Ramsey in Huntingdonshire,
and there solemnly enshrined by Abbot Ethelstan.
While the relic was being carried across the water a miracle is said to have happened.
A chronicler at Soham or Ramsey wrote:
“In those days [circa 1020] Saint Felix, formerly Bishop of East Anglia
lay buried in the royal manor of Soham for at this place the saint
while still alive had built and dedicated a beautiful church
and gathered together a goodly company of monks.
These monks subsequently, after their good father was dead . . .
carried away his precious remains from Dunwich
and laid them with great honour in their own church at Soham.
Afterwards, however, when this same church [or monastery] had been utterly destroyed
and the monks killed by the Danes, this saintly man had met with less reverence and honour.
This continued up to the time of King Canute, when Etheric, hearing of it,
pointed out to Abbot Athelstan and the monks of Ramsey how,
by the expenditure of a little labour, they might win for themselves inexhaustible riches
and so urged them by the spur of self-interest to carry out his purpose“.
“Athelstan therefore taking with him Agerinus,
his prior, set out by water for Soham which possessed the relic of such value,
and overawing by the combined authority of the King and bishop the resistance of those
who were for opposing him, he placed the sacred remains and bones of the saint on board
and began his voyage homeward to Ramsey amid the strains of joyous psalmody.
The men of Ely, however, on hearing of this, grudging us so valuable a relic,
manned their boats with a strong band, hoping by their large numbers to carry off
from the smaller party the remains which they had removed from Soham“.
“In order that it might be clearly seen
that the removal was taking place
by Divine than by human wishes,
it came to pass that just as the ships
of either party were approaching one another
under a bright and cloudless sky, suddenly,
to the discomfiture of the large force and the benefit of the smaller,
a dense fog arose which separated the two parties.
And so, while their adversaries were vainly wandering in different directions,
our boat was carried onward in a straight course
and safely deposited by the aiding waters on the bosom of our native shore“.
“You may find it hard to believe this miracle …
yet, reader, you are compelled to suspect it by no necessity
as long as you are at all events convinced of the undoubted fact
that the remains of Saint Felix were, on King Canute’s yielding to the prayers of Bishop Etheric, transferred from the aforesaid town of Soham to the church at Ramsey
and reburied with great reverence; and there, even to this day,
does that holy man bestow on worshippers many benefits.
If you desire further to learn anything of his origin, his life or his good deeds,
you must consult Bede who has composed a history of the English in admirable style,
and among other men of the highest sanctity whom he there commends,
has deemed the praise of our Saint worthy of praise“.
Holy Services at the Orthodox church:
– Commemoration of
the Holy Bisshop FELIX,
Apostle of East Anglia
0n the 8th of March 2014
we celebrated the nameday
of our grandson Felix,
born at february 17th 2014,
the heir of our family.
– Bearer of God, Felix
intercede to Christ, our Lord,
for the Salvation of his soul?